Good cybersecurity is easy to maintain once you know how to do it. But when there’s a weak spot in your network, cybercriminals may use it to their advantage.
Unfortunately, your home Wi-Fi can be one of them.
In this article, we share nine tips to help you secure your home network and keep hackers at bay.
1. Change the Default Router Password
Let’s look at the facts: 95% of cyberattacks succeed due to human error.
So, one of the most critical steps in securing your home Wi-Fi network is changing the default username and password of your router.
Hackers often target routers with default credentials. Here’s how:
- Go to your router’s settings (typically by entering “192.168.1.1” in the address bar).
- Find the password-changing section.
- Create a strong, unique password that combines letters, numbers, and special characters.
2. Set Up WPA3 Encryption
Your Wi-Fi network should be using the latest encryption standard, WPA3, which provides stronger security compared to older standards (like WPA2). Here’s how to enable it:
- Access your router’s settings, as mentioned earlier.
- Look for the wireless security settings.
- Select WPA3 (or WPA3/WPA2) as the encryption method.
3. Change the SSID Name
Your Wi-Fi network’s SSID (Service Set Identifier) is its name, and it’s often set to the router’s default name. Change it to something unique that doesn’t reveal personal information:
- In your router settings, find the SSID field.
- Enter a distinctive name that doesn’t include your name, address, or other identifying information.
4. Set a Strong Wi-Fi Password
A new analysis conducted by the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) found that “123456” was the most widely used password on accounts breached by cyberattacks.
Your Wi-Fi password should be a fortress. Create a robust password with a mix of upper and lower-case letters, numbers, and symbols. Avoid using easily guessable information like birthdays or names.
5. Enable Network Encryption
It is recommended to encrypt your Wi-Fi network, which will enable network-level encryption for your devices, adding an extra layer of protection to your network.
You can also get a VPN and protect your connection. If you set up a British VPN, for example, it’s possible to access all the English content you want without risking your safety online.
6. Disable Remote Management
Remote management allows you to access your router’s settings anywhere, but it’s also an entry point for attackers, so it’s wise to disable it unless you absolutely need it.
To do so, go to your router’s settings, look for the remote management/remote administration option, and turn it off or uncheck it.
7. Update Router Firmware Regularly
It’s useful to note that router manufacturers regularly release firmware updates to address security vulnerabilities and improve performance, so keep on top of your updates.
Also, periodically visit the manufacturer’s website or the router’s built-in update feature to check for updates.
Staying updated not only patches potential security loopholes but also guarantees optimal router performance and stability.
8. Use a Guest Network
Why not set up a guest network for visitors, which allows your guests to connect without needing access to your primary network, which stores your personal devices and data?
It’s key to keep your primary network separate from untrusted devices, as it significantly reduces the risk of security breaches and adds another security blanket that can make a big difference.
9. Enable MAC Address Filtering
Last but not least, every device has a MAC address, and by enabling its filtering on your router, you can create a list of devices that are safe to connect to your network.
Once you’ve done this, even if someone knows your Wi-Fi password, they won’t be able to connect unless their own device’s MAC address is on the list.
To get this set up, log in to your router’s settings, find the MAC address filtering section, and manually input the MAC addresses of your trusted devices.
So many areas of our modern lives are controlled by the internet, so keeping on top of our cybersecurity is the secret ingredient to web-browsing safety.
Just remember to change default credentials, get acquainted with WPA3 encryption, and regularly update your router’s firmware. These simple measures will go a long way in keeping your digital world safe and sound.
So, go ahead, fortify your Wi-Fi, and enjoy a worry-free, connected life.